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What temperature should a condensing boiler be set at

The maximum temperature that we recommend you set your radiator output to is 80 °C. If you have a conventional boiler system, your water cylinder will have its own thermostat. This is usually fitted on the side of the tank. You should set the temperature between 60 and 65 °C but for maximum efficiency, it should be set to around 60 °C.

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IBR - 1950 : Reg. 338

(b) For furnace and boiler tubes, the saturation temperature corresponding to the working pressure plus 28°C (50 o F) (c) For convection superheater tubes, the maximum steam temperature for which the part of the element is designed plus 39 o C (70 o F).

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Squeezing Maximum Efficiency Out of Your Condensing Boilers

Jun 07, 2021 · With a variable primary arrangement, the boiler minimum flow rate needs to be considered. There are two common methods if the sum of the minimum loads is less than the boiler minimum flow rate (based on burner turn down and boiler efficiency at part-load return water temperature). For this example, assume the minimum flow rate is 10 gpm.

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Boiler Ratings | Spirax Sarco

A boiler has a 'from and at' rating of 2 000 kg/h and operates at 15 bar g. The feedwater temperature is 68°C. The use of Equation 3.5.1 will determine a factor to produce the same result: Note: These values are all from steam tables.

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ANALYSIS OF MATERIALS STRENGTH DATA FOR THE ASME …

2. BOILERS Bureau of Energy Efficiency 27 Syllabus Boilers: Types, Combustion in boilers, Performances evaluation, Analysis of losses, Feed water treatment, Blow down, Energy conservation opportunities. 2.1 Introduction A boiler is an enclosed vessel that provides a means for combustion heat to be transferred into water until it becomes heated water or steam.

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why temperature boiler exhaust gases should be maintained

The boiler and Pressure Vessel Code of the American Society of Minimum values can be defined by multiplying the specified room temperature minimum strength by the trend curved This relationship between the specif:cation minimum and the minimum strength

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why temperature boiler exhaust gases should be maintained

You should set the temperature between 60 and 65 °C but for maximum efficiency, it should be set to around 60 °C. Do not set it lower than this as you could increase the risk of contracting Legionnaires' disease. Legionnaires' is a form of pneumonia that's caused by bacteria in water.

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PID control: Furnace and Boiler excess air control

Energy saving varies from 5% for low temperature process to 20% for high temperature processes by controlling the excess air to a minimum allowable level. As an example take a crude feed furnace, operating at a firing rate (fuel) of 4000 Nm3/hr, a crude feed rate of 600 nm3/hr and temperature of 370DegC.

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Condensate Return | CleanBoiler.org

The value of the condensate varies with its pressure and temperature which depends on the operating pressure of the steam system. If boiler feedwater is 60F, and the condensate is 212F, then each pound of condensate contains at least 162 BTUs (212 – 60 = 152); if the boiler is operating at 80% efficiency, then it represents 190 BTUs (122/80%).

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What temperature should a boiler be set at? | Baxi

Boiler temperature guide. Boilers come in all shapes and sizes, with lots of features or just a few. If you want to know what temperature should a condensing boiler be set at, or any kind of boiler, this guide will give you a good idea. We'll even tell you how to set the temperature on a Baxi boiler, if you have one.

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MAXIMUM ENERGY GAIN FROM FLUE GASES

RECOVER 50 % OF BOILER OUTPUT IN HEAT If fuels with a water content of up to w65 are used in winter, up to 50 % of boiler output can be recovered from the exhaust gas. Experience has shown that, depending on the plant configurati-on and return temperatures, an annual average of between 10 and 25 % of the boiler output is a realistic figure.

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Efficient hot water systems - Consulting-Specifying Engineer

May 20, 2015 · The discharge temperature of the condensing boilers is then reset to provide a minimum mixed water temperature to the noncondensing boiler of 140 F. With a better understanding of maximizing the component efficiencies and operating the system more efficiently, it is possible to design efficient hot water systems while meeting the client's

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Boiler Efficiency and Combustion | Spirax Sarco

Net calorific value. This is the calorific value of the fuel, excluding the energy in the steam discharged to the stack,and is the figure generally used to calculate boiler efficiencies. In broad terms: Accurate control of the amount of air is essential to boiler efficiency: Too much air will cool the furnace, and carry away useful heat.

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Boiler – Fundamentals and Best Practices

Boiler - Fundamentals Steam production and steam uses Steam purity and steam quality Types of boilers Basic boiler principles Steam Production When heat is added to water, its temperature rises at a rate of 0.56°C (1°F) for each heat input of 2.095 kJ/kg (1 Btu/lb) If we take water at 0°C (32°F) and we add 419 kJ/kg (180 Btu/lb) then we

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Boiler Water Conductivity Measurement Fundamentals

Feb 24, 2016 · For boiler water, the conductivity increases at the rate of approximately 2% (of the value at 25°C) for every 1°C increase in temperature. This can be written as: σ T = σ25 [1 + α (T – 25)] σT = Conductivity at temperature T (µS / cm) α = Temperature coefficient, per °C (Typically 0.02 / °C or 2%°C)

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Everything You Need to Know About Combustion Chemistry

Dec 09, 2010 · In the non-condensing units, it is important to prevent condensation by keeping stack temperature above minimum values. For instance, stack temperatures must be at least 75 to 100 ° F higher than steam temperature in steam boilers or the water temperature for hot water boilers and heaters. If the water temperature is 180 ° F, for example, the

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Performance Rating of Commercial Space Heating Boilers

3.21 Heating Value, Gas. Amount of heat produced by the complete combustion of a unit quantity of fuel. This standard only uses the gross or higher heating value, which is obtained whenall the products of combustion are cooled to the temperature existing before combustion, the water vapor formed during combustion is condensed, and

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Flue Temperature - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

The size and space requirement of Lancashire type boilers presented many problems and as the value of velocity of gases in improving the rate of heat transfer was established, boiler designers took advantage of the fact by replacing external flue passages with tube bundles inside the boiler shell (see Fig. 6.10).

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Exhaust Gas Boilers And Economisers for Marine Machinery

The minimum temperature of 140 degree C should be kept, when running with the exhaust gas bypassing the economiser. iii) Operation 1) Exhaust gas boiler circulation must be maintained at all times. This is to maintain tube temperature and prevent "cold end" corrosion of tube and fins. 2) Soot blowing to be carried out at least three times

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Knight Fire Tube Boiler - LochinvarU

The SH minimum set point sets the minimum water temperature set point that can be used for space heating operation. The user or installer will not be able to program the control with a lower SH set point. 10V BMS input voltage at which the boiler is enabled. The minimum value is 0.5V and the maximum is 10.0V. The default value is 2.0V. Off

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Boiler Efficiency Improvement & Heat Loss Explained in

Boiler Efficiency Improvement Steps: After Analyzing heat losses in industrial boilers, boiler engineers or technicians can help you to increase your boiler efficiency by 6% – 10%.. Here are the few boiler efficiencies boosting steps listed below:. Complete combustion of fuel so that no unburnt is left behind is a good practice and will add to the boiler efficiency.

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why the temperature of boiler exhaust gases should be

To make a comparison, a typical home thermostat is often set between 19-21 degrees celsius, whilst a boiler can be set anywhere upwards of 75 degrees celsius. Furthermore, a boiler will have a different temperature setting for use when heated water is required. Depending on the setting chosen, your central heating system's performance can change quite drastically, either through …

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What Temperature Should My Central Heating Boiler Be Set At?

Jun 08, 2018 · Myths and methods for protecting boilers against flue gas … Thus, the system in Figure 4 stabilizes at the conditions shown where the floor circuits continue to be supplied with water at 111.4 ° and release heat at 50,000 Btu/h, and the boiler inlet temperature remains at the mixing valve controller's set minimum value of 130 °.

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MDMT Questions - Boiler and Pressure Vessel engineering

Dec 12, 2009 · 2) The minimum temperature as estimated by the process engineer, including upsets. 3) If the vessel or pipe is filled with a pressurized liquid, the boiling point of the liquid at atmospheric. pressure. For example liquid ammonia has a boiling point of –33°C [–28°F] and propane has a boiling point of –40°C [–40°F].

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Lowering Water Temperature in Existing Hydronic Heating

temperatures, provided alternatives to fossil fuel boilers. Today, energy efficient, low temperature hydronic systems are easily applied in new construction. However, modern heat sources that perform best at low water temperatures are not as easily adapted to existing buildings with older "high temperature" distribution systems.

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What is the correct temp setting for a hot water boiler

Water from the boiler is injected into the radiator circuit at a rate designed to precisely maintain the radiator temperature relative to the outdoors. It can vary from 70 degrees (room temperature) up to 180F if you need it. The boiler is maintained at a different scale, the 180 to 140 range because you have to. Oh well.

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What temperature should a condensing boiler be set at

It can vary from 70 degrees (room temperature) up to 180F if you need it. The boiler is maintained at a different scale, the 180 to 140 range because you have to. Oh well. But the radiator will "sip" this water and return and equal amount back to the …

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Boiler Ratings | Spirax Sarco

A boiler has a 'from and at' rating of 2 000 kg/h and operates at 15 bar g. The feedwater temperature is 68°C. The use of Equation 3.5.1 will determine a factor to produce the same result: Note: These values are all from steam tables.

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Recommended Boiler Performance Specifications

Minimum Thermal Efficiency: Percent of fuel input energy (HHV) delivered as useful energy to the building or process served by the boiler, when running at minimum output. Minimum Fuel Input: Rate of fuel use (in Watts or btu/hr) when boiler is operating at its minimum recommended output. Minimum Parasitic Load

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What Temperature Should My Combi Boiler Be Set At?

Jun 01, 2018 · Exhaust Gas Boilers And Economisers working … The minimum temperature of 140 degree C should be … Boiler Combustion – CleanBoiler.org Boiler Combustion. This Page is … into the boiler exhaust gases at a temperature of approximately … An improperly maintained boiler/burner package can result in …

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Level measurement in steam boilers

pressuretransmitters - and the value displayed is too low. Level measurement in steam boilers TheLevelflex M FMP45 guided radar measuringsystem complies withIEC 61508/61511 (SIL 2) andhas steam boiler approvalaccordingto EN12952/12953. When used as a minimum limiter for low level water (LW), and as a maximum limiter for highlevel water (HW), the

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What is the correct temp setting for a hot water boiler

The flue gas exit tempera ture from a boiler is usually maintained at a minimum of 200 When the flue gas temperature rises about 20 o C above the temperature for a newly cleaned boiler why temperature boiler exhaust gases should be

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Economic analysis and cost modeling of supercritical CO2

An improved global optimization model of S–CO 2 boiler was established.. A new semiempirical cost correlation of S–CO 2 boiler was designed.. There is a minimum value for the boiler cost, which is determined by temperature.

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Boiler Efficiency Improvement & Heat Loss Explained in

Boiler Efficiency Improvement Steps: After Analyzing heat losses in industrial boilers, boiler engineers or technicians can help you to increase your boiler efficiency by 6% – 10%.. Here are the few boiler efficiencies boosting steps listed below:. Complete combustion of fuel so that no unburnt is left behind is a good practice and will add to the boiler efficiency.

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The Definitive Guide to Condensing Water Heaters or Boilers

A conventional boiler will typically have a minimum entering water temperature of around 60°C, with an exit temperature of 80°C, and will not have the heat exchange elements in place to achieve the extra heat recovery in any case. Using Gross calorific values, conventional boilers are typically around 80-83% efficient at full load. By

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How To Optimize Your Condensing Boiler System For Maximum

Feb 08, 2019 · For condensing boilers, you need a return water temperature of 80°F or lower in order to achieve 97% efficiency. (Look at the efficiency curves from any common condensing boiler manufacturer to see this.) Put another way, you start gaining efficiency only when your return water temperature is approximately 135°F or lower.

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U.S.C.G. Merchant Marine Exam Chief Engineer – Limited

One factor for determining the minimum feedwater inlet temperature to a boiler economizer is the _____. • (A) dew point temperature of the stack gases o (B) superheater inlet temperature o (C) desuperheater outlet temperature o (D) temperature of steam bled off the LP turbine If choice A is selected set score to 1. Page 2 of 20 Q605 Steam Plants

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Code Comparison of ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Codes

Code Reference Maximum Permissible Test Pressure Minimum Test Hold Time Pressure Gages Test Temperature Limits Service ASME BPVC Sec I PG-99.1 No part of the boiler shall be subjected to a general membrane stress greater than 90% of its yield strength (0.2% offset) at test temperature. The primary membrane stress to which boiler components are

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ANALYSIS OF MATERIALS STRENGTH DATA FOR THE ASME …

The boiler and Pressure Vessel Code of the American Society of Minimum values can be defined by multiplying the specified room temperature minimum strength by the trend curved This relationship between the specif:cation minimum and the minimum strength

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Recommended Boiler Performance Specifications

Minimum Thermal Efficiency: Percent of fuel input energy (HHV) delivered as useful energy to the building or process served by the boiler, when running at minimum output. Minimum Fuel Input: Rate of fuel use (in Watts or btu/hr) when boiler is operating at its minimum recommended output. Minimum Parasitic Load

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2. BOILERS

Dec 29, 2011 · During the discussion it turned out that my old cast iron boiler has an aquastat set hit – at 200F. Many, including a very helpful NJTrooper suggested turning it down to 180F. One of the reasons that was mentioned was that the boiler runs more efficient and saves money.

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Performance Rating of Commercial Space Heating Boilers

3.21 Heating Value, Gas. Amount of heat produced by the complete combustion of a unit quantity of fuel. This standard only uses the gross or higher heating value, which is obtained whenall the products of combustion are cooled to the temperature existing before combustion, the water vapor formed during combustion is condensed, and

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Boiler and Condenser Pressures - Rankine Cycle | nuclear

Boiler and Condenser Pressures – Rankine Cycle. As in the Carnot, Otto, and Brayton cycle, the thermal efficiency tends to increase as the average temperature at which energy is added by heat transfer increases and/or the average temperature at which energy is rejected decreases. This is the common feature of all thermodynamic cycles.

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Lowering Water Temperature in Existing Hydronic Heating

temperatures, provided alternatives to fossil fuel boilers. Today, energy efficient, low temperature hydronic systems are easily applied in new construction. However, modern heat sources that perform best at low water temperatures are not as easily adapted to existing buildings with older "high temperature" distribution systems.

Get Price

U.S.C.G. Merchant Marine Exam Third Assistant Engineer

One factor for determining the minimum feedwater inlet temperature to a boiler economizer is the _____. • (A) dew point temperature of the stack gases o (B) superheater inlet temperature o (C) desuperheater outlet temperature o (D) temperature of steam bled off the LP turbine If choice A is selected set score to 1. 27.

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Steam Calculators: Boiler Calculator

Mar 17, 2015 · Fuel Energy = Boiler Energy / Combustion Efficiency [ Fuel Energy = 172,920 = 136,088 / 0.787 ] Assumptions. Deaerator provides feedwater near the boiling temperature for the deaerator's set operating pressure. (Saturated Liquid) …

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Effect of excess air on boiler efficiency | Download

Effect of stack temperature on boiler efficiency : Effect of stack temperature on boiler efficiency is shown in Figure 7. ES and minimum value of PP for different sizes and energy sources are

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